Sullivan/Clinton Campaign Galleries

Danascara Place

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Another view of this remote mansion in the Mohawk Valley. Its predecessor was burned down in retaliation for the Sullivan-Clinton Campaign.

Burned in 1780

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This mansion, a.k.a. Danascara Place, replaced one that was burned in the Spring of 1780 by Iroquois raiders in retaliation for the Sullivan-Clinton Campaign.

Burned in 1779

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A lonely sign in the Lake Cayuga area attests to the destruction of Tichero, a forgotten Cayuga village, by the Sullivan-Clinton Campaign.

Cayuga/Seneca County Line

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County lines divide the land where footpaths once linked Senecas and Cayugas, before the coming of Sullivan -Clinton.

At the Source

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Otsego’s waters still flow south (at you) into the Susquehanna. In 1779, they bore Clinton’s flotilla to join Sullivan at Iroquoia’s edge. With Indians remov...

Otsego Lake Launch

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Here, Gen. Clinton’s troops first dammed, then blew up damworks to launch 220 bateaux down the Susquehanna R. to join Sullivan’s force at Tioga Pt., Pa., to ...

Last of the Mohican

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Sign of the derelict Mohican Market, the last of this chain in Kingston, New York, America’s first capital.

Indians

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Smoking break at a cigar store in New York’s Greenwich Village shows the entwined paths of indigenous and immigrant peoples.

End of History?

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Somewhere down the road, in the great beyond, a piece of “history” remains. At least it’s marked!

Against the Odds

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Overmatched forces under Brant and Butler fall back as Sullivan’s juggernaut marches relentlessly forward. (Kenn Anderson/ Canterbury Tours)

Some Brits Arrive

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Britain provided 15 regulars from Ft. Niagara to support Butler and Brant and assess Sullivan-Clinton’s massive force of 5,000. (Kenn Anderson/ Canterbury To...

A Reconciliation?

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Erected in 1994, a rare dedication to all those fallen at Newtown - Iroqouis, British and Continental Army. (Robert Spiegelman)

Gotcha

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Boyd is led off for questioning and his eventual death in Iroquois-Tory hands. (photo by Rick Losey)

Riveted

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Yankee scout senses the ambush that may seal his fate. (photo by Rick Losey)

Another Aftermath

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An old trinket that memorializes Chemung, the first village destroyed by Sullivan’s Army, just before the Battle of Newtown. (Robert Spiegelman)

In the Aftermath

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Newtown Battlefield reenactors bid farewell until their next encounter.

Bearing Witness 2/2

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Ceremony at Boyd- Parker Memorial Park honors what conveners called their sacrifice on behalf of freedom.

Captured

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After the firefight, Boyd and Parker are captured and tied up. The famed Timothy Murphy, one of Boyd’s party and a serial scalper (who scalped a lone Seneca ...

Setting the Trap

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A Seneca warrior and a Loyalist ally move into position to capture Boyd’s scouting party. The day before, a Seneca was scalped by the party’s Tim Murphy.

Planning an Ambush

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Two weeks after New- town, Boyd’s scouting party searches for the Seneca capital (so Sullivan’s Army can burn it), Iroquois and Loyalists set off to trap the...

Summit Conference

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Loyalist and English commanders consider the dismal options as the Sullivan & Clinton’s army closes in.

Yankee Advance

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Detachments of Sullivan’s troops advance on retreating Iroquois- Loyalist positions. The rivers would run red with blood.

Eyes of the Empire

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English officers watch the battle unfold. British numbers and political will were inadequate to help defend the Iroquois homelands.

Taking Stock

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Outnumbered Iroquois warriors reload and assess their position as overwhelming Yankee forces and first-time field cannon advance.

Taking Stock

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Outnumbered Iroquois warriors reload and assess their position as overwhelming Yankee forces and first-time field cannon advance.

Mohegans

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view original

Back to the Future

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At Ganondagan, there’s fun and a positive fu- ture for all our kids, as they learn about Haude- nosaunee values and lifeways. (GH)

Homage to Iroquoia

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Homage to Iroquoia Sculpture at Ganondagan celebrates Haudeno- saunee spirituality, vision and survival. For all they’ve endured, they’re still here and cont...

The Three Sisters

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Haudenousaunee survivors return to the Longhouse and, with the coming of spring, the planting of corn, beans and squash - a time for renewal. (Collage by Jen...

On High

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Canoes are stored in the rafters when water travel is out of season. (GH)

Inner Lives

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In the longhouse, each family grouping has its sleeping and storage areas. Fires are communal. Roof openings allow ventilation, light and a path for smoke to...

Eastern Door

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Entry way to the long- house. (GH)

As Long As The Rivers Flow

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They continue to flow at Ganondagan State Historic Site, restored as a center and seed-bed of traditional Haudenosaunee culture, values and vision. (GH)

Ganondagan

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Pete Jemison, a Seneca faithkeeper, is Historical Site Manager of Ganon- dagan. (Photo by Geoff Harding)

Longhouse

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The Haudenosaunee are “people making a longhouse.” This stands at Ganondagan, a former Seneca capital burned by the French under Denonville in 1687, to drive...

Gen. James Clinton

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first published in Mary L. Booth’s History of New York (1st ed. 1861, 2nd ed. 1880)

Oneida Silver

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Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005.

identity theft

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Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005.

Longhouse Burning

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Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005.

aka Town Destroyer

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Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005.

Fields of Fire 2

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Note: Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005. Photos by Clint Fisher.

Bearing Witness

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Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005.

Commander-in- chief

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Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005.

Fields of Fire

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Fields of Fire: Our recent installation at the American Indian Community House, NYC. Summer 2004-Winter 2005.

From the 5th Iroquois Biennial

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Searing visions of Sullivan/Clinton by Haudenosaunee Artists at the 5th Iroquois Biennial Art Exhibition, curated by Peter Jemison, at the Fenimore Museum in...

West Wall

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View of the west wall of the exhibition, with images and installations by Rick Hill and participating artists. (Courtesy of The Fenimore Museum)

East Wall 2

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Rear view of the west wall of the exhibition, with installation by Tom Huff, and introductory text and works by Peter Jemison. (Courtesy of The Fenimore Muse...

East Wall 1

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Frontal view of the east wall of the exhibition, with introductory text and two paintings by, the curator and painter, Peter Jemison. (Courtesy of The Fenimo...

Indians Have Always Paid the Price

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Detail of a larger work by Peter Jemison (Seneca). (See the Audio Visual page for the full image)(Courtesy of Peter Jemison)

Across the Threshold

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In the exhibit space, visitors will encounter an interactive map, where children and parents can sit & learn about Sullivan/Clinton, and/or go straight o...

Back to the Present

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The Fenimore Museum, with courage, is the responsible host of present-day Haudeno- saunee renderings and responses - in painting, sculpture, ceramics and vid...

The Setting

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The Fenimore Museum sits on Lake Otsego as it flows (at you) into the Susquehanna River. In 1779, these waters bore Clinton’s flotilla to join Sullivan at Ir...

Once A Crossroads

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Markers on Rt, 220 note where Indian villages of Teoga & Queen Esther’s Town stood before September 1791 and Hartley’s Expedition burned them out.

Hartley’s Revenge

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American Col. Hartley’s Expedition is remember -ed by this 1929 plaque for having burned Teoga and Queen Esther’s Town. It was another turn in a brutal cycle...

Immediate Retaliation

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In September 1778, Col. Thomas Hartley led over 200 troops against the region’s Haudeno- saunee and Delware villages, to avenge the July defeat and bloody af...

Wyoming Massacre

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The most common historical image (19th century) of the killings of July 3, 1778 in the Wyoming Valley. Today, the Pennsyl- vania Historical and Museum Commis...

Marking Wyoming

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Wyoming’s stature in the American Revolu- tion is reflected by the battle being registered as a National Historic Site.

Wyoming!

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Avenging the July, 1778 blood shed in the Wyoming Valley became the main rallying point, across the rebelling colonies, for launching the Sulli- van-Clinton ...

Over Ancestral Bones

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Plaque at the Wyoming Monument commemo- rates the Yankee fallen, 80 of whose remains lie beneath, and are memo- rialized every July 4th, Independence Day.

Susquehanna Banks

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The river runs through and links NY and PA regions traversed by S/C. This island, near the Wyoming Battlesite, is deemed the birthplace of Hiawatha, the grea...

Tioga (Turning) Point

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Tioga (Turning) Point The Indian villages of Teoga and its neighbor Queen Esther’s Town (the “Southern Door”), were burned in revenge for Wyoming by the Hart...

War Memorial

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War Memorial Monument to the more than 400 Yankee soldiers and settlers slain in the July, 1778 attack on Wyoming Valley by Tory and Indian forces under John...

Trailblazer, East

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In 1774, Silas Deane backed annexing northern PA to Litchfield County, CT, as the Town of Westmoreland. CT’s projecting its “western claim” - through Hartfor...

As long as the Rivers flow

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They continue to flow at NY’s Ganondagan State Historic Site, restored as a center and seed-bed of traditional Haudenosau- nee culture, values and vision. (P...

NOLA 2005

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Since Hurricane Katrina’s first day, NOLA’s uprooted long-term residents were termed refugees. Iroquoia 1779 & NOLA 2005 share other com- monalities - li...

Stewardship Now

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An Onondaga chief, Brad Powless, gazes on toxic Onondaga Lake. A legal action affirms his nation’s stewardship over the health of its traditional lands and u...

Sacred & Imperiled

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Lake Onondaga is the birthplace of the Hau- denosaunee Confeder- acy under the Peace- maker. It’s contamina- ted, sits atop a sea of mercury, and stands at t...

Scorched Earth

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Earth at the Western Door: the former Seneca capital Little Beard’s Town, near Geneseo, NY. Burned by S/C in September 1779, the land was ruined by the Retso...

Iroquoia 1779

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Then, Sullivan/Clinton was a scorched earth campaign that smoked the Finger Lakes. Today, Global Warming is scorching the earth. Mother Earth summons us. (Ph...

Longhouse

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The Haudenosaunee are “people making a long- house.” Spanning NY, Mohawks kept its Eas- tern Door, Onondagas kept (and keep) its cen- tral fire, and Senecas ...

Rt. 17 Corn Field

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NY’s Southern Tier, formerly Iroquoia, is dotted with ample corn fields, echoing those reduced to scorched earth by Sullivan/ Clinton.

The Warrior’s Path

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The Warrior’s Path Sullivan’s March looked upon the Susquehanna River, today among America’s most toxic. It had been an Indian path of commerce, war and dipl...

The Three Sisters

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Traditional Haudeno- saunee life is a spiritual bonding with mother earth. The 3 - corn, beans and squash - are central to physical and spiritual survival. T...

The Western Door

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The Western Door Iroquoia’s western door, where the Genesee River snakes on through what ranked atop North America’s most fertile regions. It was Seneca coun...

Tioga (Turning) Point

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Where the Susquehanna and Chemung R’s meet, this once Indian village of Teoga and neighbor -ing Queen Esther’s Town (the “Southern Door”), were burned in rev...

The Haudenosaunee!

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Announcing the endur- ing presence and courage of the Haudeno- saunee people & Iroquois Confederacy today.

Growing Corn

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The “Three Sisters” - corn, squash and beans - are at the heart of Haudenosaunee survi- val and worldview. Their destruction was an objective of Sullivan/ Cl...

Red Jacket

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1820 portrait of the Seneca orator by J.L.D. Mathies. Freedom Medal denotes his accommo- dation to Yankee rule. He ended as a bulwark for Indian traditions v...

At The Unveiling

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It’s September 22, 1929, during Sullivan/Clinton’s 150th Anniversary: Cayuga people with Chief Wilbur Shango tend a council fire at the official unfurling of...

Cornplanter

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Portrait of the great Seneca Chief by Fred. Bartoli, 1796. The original hangs behind the same glass with portraits of Red Jacket and Washington, as part of t...

At Wyalusing

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“Warrior’s Path” of Haudenosaunee trade, diplomacy and war linking NY and PA to VA and the Carolinas. Viewed from 500 ft. above the Susquehanna River, along ...

Survivors

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The Haudenosaunee people during another winter (1914). Some are Senecas from the Cattaraugus reservation. Several may be from a touring company. The worst wi...

Western Doorstep

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The Genesee flows thru today’ Letchworth State Park, “The Grand Canyon of the East,” at the Western Door – where the Scottish-born, Seneca-reared Mary Jemiso...

Stilled Life

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Shards in the storage area between the Brooklyn Museum and Botanical Gardens (Spring, 2004) Note: Traces from New York & Other Metropolises…

Equestrian Moment

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Lord of its domain. This in the storage area between the Brooklyn Museum and Botanical Gardens. Note: Traces from New York & Other Metropolises…

Not At Liberty

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Two national treasures in the dustbin of history. Note: Traces from New York & Other Metropolises…

Once A Warrior

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Fraser’s End of the Trail statue was first modeled in 1894, within four years after the Wounded Knee Massacre of Ghost Dancers. Note: Traces from New York &a...

Equus

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“A horse, a horse, my kingdom for…” Free Indian life ended on the Southern Plains in 1874 when the Army killed their horses. Note: Traces from New York &...

End of the Trail?

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Replica of James Earle Fraser’s once famous sculpture, End of the Trail, modeled in 1894, commissioned in 1915. (Courtesy Clint Fisher) Note: Traces from New...

Melting Point

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Washington and Sullivan blazed the way toward the Erie Canal which made Manhattan rich. The city fuses their names at Greenwich Village’s famed Washington Sq...

Sullivan St. NYC

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Named for General John Sullivan, the street starts at Washington Square Park, where this Sullivan/ Clinton cor- ner resides, hidden in plain sight. Note: Tra...

Sign Language

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Note: Traces from New York & Other Metropolises…

Jemison 02

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Note: Lecture-Presentation with G. Peter Jemison (Seneca)

Gen. James Clinton

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The co-Commander of the Campaign, brother of NY rebel governor George Clinton, and father of NY State Gov. DeWitt Clinton.

Forever Set in Stone

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Several of the 29 NYS road markers carry site- specific information on their back sides. This one, in Aurora, notes the destruction of the Cayuga capital.

Gen. John Sullivan

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Co-commander of the Campaign. He filed its Offical Report to Congress. Then became New Hampshire’s first US Governor.

Signing Off

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Re-enactors part ways after the 225th anniversary of the Cherry Valley Massacre.

Felled by Tomahawk

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The town of Cherry Valley marks the site where Colonel Ichabod Alden, post commader, was killed in the Yankee defeat.

Sullivan-Clinton Road Monument

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Twenty-nine such highway markers were commissioned by New York State in 1929 (the 150th anniversary) to mark the 1779 invasion route.

Cherry Valley!

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Moment from the 225th Gala Reenactment of the 1778 Yankee defeat by English-Iroquois-Tory forces. Then termed a massacre, it became the pretext to invade wha...

Commander-in- chief

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George Washington as he looked in 1779, the year he launches the Sullivan- Clinton Campaign. Painted then by Charles Willson Peale. (Courtesy of the U.S. Sen...

Iroquois Trail Rd.

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note: Alternative Viewpoints, from Here & There…

Thru Mohawk Valley

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note: Alternative Viewpoints, from Here & There…

Drive to Tribes Hill

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What’s in a name? Well, this sign points to a village named Tribes Hill, in the Mohawk Valley since 1713, on former Mohawk lands.

To The Tribe’s Hill

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A cul-de-sac in former Iroquois country, now called Tribes Hill, New York, in the Mohawk Valley.

End of the Trail?

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note: Alternative Viewpoints, from Here & There…

Rematch 2

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Fighting for the league Championship, another Battle of Newtown. This time it’s just sports, just outside the Onondaga Nation Lacrosse/Hockey Arena.

For You, the Precious

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Dutch trader shows all that glitters… New York’s first big conver- sion experience adorns the base of Henry Hudson’s statue in NYC.

Rematch 1

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In the 225th Anniversary year of Sullivan-Clinton, well-organized landholders group opposes any concessions to Cayuga land claims with scores of signs.

Big Tree Under Glass

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The shed on the right harbors a section of the famed great oak tree (27’ in diameter) who witnessed the signing away of Seneca lands at the Big Tree Conferen...

Innovation

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Facing Cayuga Lake is the former site of Goi-O-Gouen, the Cayuga capital. As Cols. Dear- born and Wm. Butler burned their west and east bank villages, the Ca...

General Sullivan’s Slave House

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Slaves quarters at the rear of Gen. Sullivan’s home at Durham, New Hampshire. He, George Washington, Jeremiah Wadsworth and Philip Schuyler all held slaves.

Stamped in History

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Issued in 1929, the 150th Anniversary stamp joined the erection of over 55 highway markers and 35 stone memorials across NY State and many in Pennsylvania.

Not One Inch…

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One of scores of signs posted around the Cayuga Lake region by opponents of Cayuga land claims. Since S/C, the Cayugas lost their NY lands. But the court cas...

Gen. John Sullivan with Spear

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Though he won with superior numbers and first use of field cannons against N. American Indians, the Victor is depicted with a spear.

“The White Woman, Mary Jemison”

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Captured by Indians, the famed Scotch-Irish Jemison lived mostly as a Seneca, bearing two children. Her burial-site statue, at Letchworth Park, NY, would rec...

Old Wine, New Bottle

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Ancestral mound near Goi-O-Gouen, the former Cayuga capital, on private farmlands, behind an electric fence. Cayugas were burned out by Sullivan-Clinton on S...

I’ll Take Manhattan!

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The iconic “sale” of Manhattan for $24 in trinkets, on the base of Henry Hudson’s towering statue. Hudson Park, Riverdale, NYC.

Boyd-Parker Park 1

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Set beside the Geneseo -Cuylerville Rd.(Rt. 39), this site and their Ambuscade are the only true Memorials to any named individuals, among the more than 10,0...

Tortured Tree

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Distressed, this tree expires on the very site of the Boyd-Parker ambush by the Senecas, three days before Sullivan’s burning of nearby Little Beard’s Town, ...

Order of Battle

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Outnumbering the population of Western Iroquoia, Sullivan’s Army set out on a scorched earth invasion that burned all known villages and enlisted hunger by b...

Torches to Plough Shares

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Ample farms now stand on the former fields and orchards of Little Beard’s Town. This one borders on the Retsof sink hole, only yards from Boyd- Parker Park a...

The Scorched Earth

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The 1994 collapse of the nearby old Retsof mine made the area’s wells and waters toxic and turned some of its still amazingly fertile topsoil into this.

The Bitter Waters

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The collapse and flooding of the old Retsof mine shafts created this toxic sink hole. It lies beneath the Geneseo- Cuylerville road bridge, only 50 yards fro...

Karmic Justice?

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A nearby salt mine collapse in 1994 caused this toxic sinkhole. It festers with methane emissions, at the center of the former Seneca capital, Little Beard’s...

Little Beards Town Marker

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The back of theS/C monument in Boyd- Parker Park is the only outdoor indication of the former site of the Seneca capital, the once West- ern Door, burnt by S...

Little Beard’s Town Map

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The Seneca capital, at the Western Door, was S/C’s prime target. It is where Boyd & Parker were captured and killed while trying to locate the town for b...

Driven from Home

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The flight of 5,000+ Haudenosaunee refugees from Sullivan’s advance in September, 1779. (Print of Ernest Smith’s 1936 watercolor.)

Boyd-Parker Park 2

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Commemorates the martyrdom of the two Yankee scouts at the hands of Iroquois captors. Boyd led 28 scouts in a search for Little Beard’s Town, which is burned...

Clearing Darkness: The First Condolence

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It is said that there once was a time in our (Haudenosaunee) history where the people (Onkwehonweh) came to forget the original instructions given to them by...

The Death of Jane McCrea

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Eric v.d. Luft describes the painting as “a classic depiction of American attitudes toward Indian savagery,” in his “Mcrae, Jane” entry for the Encyclopedia ...

america1777

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Steve’s allegorical painting is a commentary on and companion to the once well-known national icon, “The Murder of Jane McCrae,” painted by John Vanderlyn in...

No York

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In this artwork, a classroom map of New York State is overpainted so that only Native American place names remain.

Indian Time 2

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An installation consisting of a display of contemporary acrylic watches printed with imagery taken from the work of Swiss pioneer artist Peter Rindisbacher. ...

Indian Time 1

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An installation consisting of a display of contemporary acrylic watches printed with imagery taken from the work of Swiss pioneer artist Peter Rindisbacher. ...

Corps a corps au couteau

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In the courtyard of his house, Ousmane Sow produced The Battle of Little Big Horn, a series of 35 epic pieces. These were first exhibited in Dakar in January...

Tazsunke Witko (Crazy Horse) est assailli

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In the courtyard of his house, Ousmane Sow produced The Battle of Little Big Horn, a series of 35 epic pieces. These were first exhibited in Dakar in January...

La riposte de Piz’i (Chief Gall)

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In the courtyard of his house, Ousmane Sow produced The Battle of Little Big Horn, a series of 35 epic pieces. These were first exhibited in Dakar in January...

Indien depouillant un soldat mort

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In the courtyard of his house, Ousmane Sow produced The Battle of Little Big Horn, a series of 35 epic pieces. These were first exhibited in Dakar in January...

La riposte de Piz’i (Chief Gall)

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In the courtyard of his house, Ousmane Sow produced The Battle of Little Big Horn, a series of 35 epic pieces. These were first exhibited in Dakar in January...

Three Sisters

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De-o-ha-ko, “the foods that sustain us.” The 3 Sisters - corn, beans and squash - are the traditional heart of Iroquois survival and worldview. They were the...

Indians Have Always Paid The Price

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Jemison’s mixed-media piece brings together past and present images of the domination of Indians in the Americas. What began with Columbus and continued with...

At The Border

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Jemison’s painting depicts the schism imposed on Indians by nation state borders. Casting blood red shadows, the two crows facing each other symbolize both d...

america1777

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Steve’s allegorical painting is a commentary on and companion to the once well-known national icon, “The Murder of Jane McCrae,” painted by John Vanderlyn in...