Trailblazer, East
In 1774, Silas Deane backed annexing nor- thern PA to Litchfield County, CT, as the Town of Westmoreland. CT's projecting its "western claim" - through Hart- ford's Susquehanna Co. - was proof of "the Glory of this New World."
War Memorial Monument to the more than 400 Yankee soldiers and settlers slain in the July, 1778 attack on Wyoming Valley by Tory and Indian forces under John Butler and Sayenqueraghta.
Tioga (Turning) Point The Indian villages of Teoga and its neighbor Queen Esther's Town (the "Southern Door"), were burned in revenge for Wyoming by the Hartley Expedition (1778). It became the meeting place (1779) of Sullivan & Clinton's armies and launching pad against Iroquoia.
Susquehanna Banks The river runs through and links NY and PA regions traversed by S/C. This island, near the Wyoming Battlesite, is deemed the birthplace of Hiawatha, the great Iroquois peace bringer.
Over Ancestral Bones Plaque at the Wyoming Monument commemo- rates the Yankee fallen, 80 of whose remains lie beneath, and are memo- rialized every July 4th, Independence Day.
Avenging the July, 1778 blood shed in the Wyoming Valley became the main rallying point, across the rebelling colonies, for launching the Sulli- van-Clinton Campaign.
Marking Wyoming Wyoming's stature in the American Revolu- tion is reflected by the battle being registered as a National Historic Site.
Wyoming Massacre The most common historical image (19th century) of the killings of July 3, 1778 in the Wyoming Valley. Today, the Pennsyl- vania Historical and Museum Commission holds there was a bloody defeat, but no general massacre afterwards.
Immediate Retaliation
In September 1778, Col. Thomas Hartley led over 200 troops against the region's Haudeno- saunee and Delware villages, to avenge the July defeat and bloody aftermath in the Wyoming Valley.

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All content © 2004 Bob Spiegelman